Bed bugs how to find them?

This article could be used to check the house or a bedroom where you have decided to sleep; for example, a hotel room.
The bed bug is a nuisance pest that – with some basic skills and a bit of effort – you can try to prevent by discovering an infestation that may have just begun.

Bed bugs how to find them?

A guide to active prevention.

  • Who needs the guide? 

Everyone needs it the bed bug in Italy has spread at an alarming rate, and its expansion continues following the pattern of an epidemic. It is a problem that affects homes, hotels, cinemas, theatres, public transport, etc.

  • Because I want to inform you

Because training helps to defend against parasites. And once you have the skills you can protect your home with vigilant surveillance and attention to detail.

The link leads to an article that takes its cue from an event that happened. It is an example of active prevention applied to pests (in this case of the kitchen, but the principle also applies to the bed bug) towards which you must be vigilant by getting busy. Don’t wait for pests to take over your home. Remember that prevention is the best possible cure – it is effective and clean. Imagine the pleasure of reaping the genuine fruits of a job done without poisons.

bedbug exterminator

Bed bugs how to find them?

Apply expert tips.

  • When you need it

It is used to carry out periodic checks on some objects, furniture or rooms in the home. You may find yourself bugs in your home that you don’t know about, and want to check for bed bugs. You may happen to wake up with bubbles on your body similar to mosquito bites and, even then – I’m sure – you would like to see clearly. Look, these are just a few examples.

  • It is the guide of the expert

These tips are inspired by my skills as a professional exterminator. It is my effective weapon and I want to share it with you.
Below: a bed bug nest discovered in the joint of furniture in a hotel room.

Bed bugs how to find them?

If you look carefully they can be seen.

Those unfamiliar with this parasite frequently ask if bed bugs are seen. The purpose of this question is practical, aimed at understanding whether an infestation is easy to detect.

I reply that bed bugs may go unnoticed, due to their small size and their long-hidden life. Even at home, it is not easy to notice their presence, especially at the beginning of the infestation.

As for the size, I am thinking above all of the immature insects ( nymphs ) which, resembling adults, but in the first period of life are tiny. Newborn bedbugs measure approximately 1 mm and are almost transparent white: this is why they are difficult to see.

As young bed bugs grow, they take on an increasingly dark amber colour. The insect can reach the adult stage in about six weeks, and as it approaches maturity it becomes russet, with an approximate size of 7 mm. It is evident that such a small insect you may not even see it.

Bed bugs live out of direct light and nest in hidden spots. These are locations that we don’t usually investigate frequently, and they may be difficult to reach.

When tidying up the bed we hardly take a look behind the backrest or, move the bedside tables and look at the backrest. How many times have we checked the joints of the bed frame or the interlocking of a slat by lifting the mattress?

Remember that these parasites are to be looked for in particular places, and there is no need to throw the whole house upside down. Bed bugs spread in an environment only when they are very numerous.

Bed bugs how to find them?

Here are two reliable symptoms.

So: If you’re wondering how to spot bed bugs and don’t know the parasite, here are the reliable symptoms of an infestation. They are the sure traces that certify its presence.

  1. Bed bug feces – Fecal stains.
  2. The exuviae.
  • Bed bug feces – Fecal stains

The bed bug feces are liquid and dark in colour. If they are deposited on impermeable or difficult to penetrate materials, they solidify on the surface taking the form of small drops with sharp edges. While on fabrics the liquid is absorbed by the darkening fibres (see the photo below).

Settling constantly excrement bed bug cover the surfaces of the nests and their surroundings, its ono deposits which in severe cases suggest disposing of the contaminated furniture (after it has been disinfected).

Bed bugs after the blood meal may excrete feces on the skin, but the same stains may also be found on the bedsheet or other bedding items. Following their feces, the insects orient themselves by recognizing the path towards the host: in the same way as the pebbles of Tom Thumb. Do you remember the story?

By looking carefully at the excrement you can understand if the residue is recent, because as time passes the stools discolour, and after a while, they crumble more easily.

Bed bug droppings are an explicit sign of their presence.

  • The exuviae.

Young and immature insects grow quickly by increasing their size. Thus – at intervals – they renew the rigid lining of their body. It is as if they take off a dress that is now tight and torn to put on a new one. The drooping integument (in shades of yellow) is abandoned.

Bed bug droppings

These tattered integuments are called exuviae:  they accumulate in nests or are left lying around. They are light and just a breath of wind is enough to disperse them in the room. Each bedbug changes its coating several times to become an adult. The various stages of growth of the insect are recognizable by the size of the exuvia found. The last moment of development is recognizable by an exuvia as large as an adult insect

If there are numerous bedbugs in a nest, the exuviae pile up, in some cases, their number can be impressive.

The photograph below shows a nest with masses of exuviae  (they are the intense yellow remains) mixed with the now hatched eggs and the encrustations of feces.

Clues that can only give us the doubt of a bed bug infestation

  1. Red bubbles on the body are found on the parts that remain uncovered at night.
  2. Bloodstains found on the sheet.
  • Bed bug bites. 

The wheels found on the skin upon waking may suggest bed bug bites. The alarm: but it would be better to refrain from making a diagnosis that would be rash. Because the bubbles on the body are similar to those produced by the bites of other insects,  not to mention certain mites; for example the woodworm mite.

However, in the case of itchy wheals on the skin, it makes sense to ask questions, and it is best to work hard to understand the real causes of the problem. A presentiment could come from the red bubbles found on parts of the body that remain uncovered at night. in any case, the doubt must be investigated by looking for reliable symptoms.

I have had cases of cohabitants who despite both sleeping in a heavily infested bed, only one of them showed the wheals caused by bed bug bites. A scientific researcher explained to me that some people do not get bitten by bed bugs or, even if regularly bitten, they do not have significant skin reactions.

Take this information as it is, I haven’t gone into it. But cohabitants’ cases show that bed bug bites cannot be considered a reliable symptom of an infestation.

Speaking of insect bites: the exterminator doesn’t visit people. Be wary of the practitioners who looking at your arm would like to make a diagnosis, trust only the doctor. In the article “Bed bug bites: do you want to make them a disease?”  I explain that bed bugs – as far as is known – do not transmit diseases.

Below: evolution of a bed bug bite on the arm. The discovery of a nest in the mattress made it possible to establish that it was a bite of this parasite.

  • Bloodstains on the sheet

even a bloodstain found on the sheet in the morning can suggest bed bugs. And we must start from uncertainty to verify their presence. In fact, in sleep, it could happen to accidentally crush an insect full of blood,  also because after the meal the bug is a little more clumsy.

I have observed bed bugs as they feed, and you have no idea how much blood they ingest in a meal – that’s up to six times their weight. For this reason, squeezing a small insect full of blood could result in a stain on the sheet that seems exaggerated.

The photo below I took in my bed: at night I squeezed a bedbug between the pillow and the sheet. You got it right: I took my work home! And you can’t imagine the checks I did when I found these two marks. Luckily it was the only bed bug I had grown fond of.

It was an almost microscopic insect, but the bloodstains give you the idea of ​​the abundance of its meal. It is a story that is intertwined with a difficult case that we have solved. What happened to me made me think about how easy it is to spread (by mistake) this parasite. Since that day I no longer wear cuffed trousers in apartment inspections.

Bed bugs how to find them?

Bed bugs how to find them

First look for them in the bed.

I have heard the bed bug called in many ways, and even in the most crippled names, there is always a reference to the bed. And so, we hear more and more often about bed bugs,  bed bugs or mattress bugs, etc.

Have you heard of armchair or sofa bed bugs? However, bed bugs may also be found there. The reason is simple: infestations develop from the bed. First look for them in the room and concretely in the bed, for a radius of at least two meters from where you rest your head on the pillow.

By investigating a room methodically, a professional can make an accurate and complete map of the infestation. An infestation map is the exact pattern of the parasite’s nestings, even the most hidden ones.

But it is a difficult operation that I advise against doing if you want to make do with looking for bed bugs. Rather, I suggest a simplified and quick method that you can use easily. After all, you are only interested in knowing if bedbugs are there or not.